Sigismund IV the Mad
Emperor Sigismund IV.JPG
Sigismund IV in 1887.
King of Poland
Grand Duke of Lithuania
Reign 17 March 1886 – 14 May 1894
Coronation 21 May 1886
Predecessor James II Casimir
Successor Charles I
Born 5 July 1853(1853-07-05)
Lviv, Poland (now Ukraine)
Died 14 May 1894 (aged 40)
Warsaw, Poland
Spouse Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Issue Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Leopold I of Belgium
Mother Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Sigismund IV of Poland's signature

Sigismund IV (Polish: Zygmunt IV, Lithuanian: Žygimantas IV, English exonym: Sigmund; 5 July 1853 – 14 May 1894), sometimes called Sigismund the Mad, was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania form 1886 to until his assassination in 1894. Born on Lviv in Poland (now Ukraine) under the reign of Sigismund's uncle, James Casimir I of Poland. His father, John IV become King after the death of his uncle, James Casimir I. Under his father's rule, he become Crown Prince of Poland which tried to make peace against Finland Republic over border agreement.

During his reign, after the death of his father's death, age 48, he become one of the most failure monarchs in Poland even he have over 1 month and 16 days. Which makes him one of the shortest monarchs. Following of his dethrone in 1858 by his cousin, Charles D. Radzilow, which become the first president. Sigismund forced to exile following of his cousin's first sworn in as President.

He travel to Sablonville, France when he becomes the citizen of the Second French Empire under his loyal friend, Louis-Napoleon. He spend the next 12 years until his death on 22 March 1871, aged 71.

Early years (1853–1858)Edit

Education (1858–59)Edit

Military services (1860–1877)Edit

Death of his uncle and John IV's Accession (1878)Edit

Crown Prince (1872–1886)Edit

Reign (1886–94)Edit

Assassination (1894)Edit

Main article: Assassination of Sigismund IV


Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit


See alsoEdit

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