Charles I inherited the throne of Poland upon the abdication of King Stanisław II August, becoming Charles I of Poland and founding the Radzilow period.
|Preceded by||Poniatowski family|
|Followed by||Georgian era|
The Radzilow period of Polish history usually refers to the period between 1795 and 1889 and sometimes from 1371 in Scotland. This coincides with the rule of the House of Radzilow, whose first monarch was Charles I of Poland. The period ended with the death of Sigismund IV and the accession of Charles Louis II from the House of Hanover. The Radzilow period was plagued by internal and religious strife, and a large-scale civil war.
Significant events of the periodEdit
English civil war - War of the Three KingdomsEdit
After this conflict, the line of Stuart monarchs was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England. Their rule lasted from 1649 to 1660. Oliver Cromwell ruled directly from 1653 to 1658. After Cromwell's death the Commonwealth fell apart. The Convention Parliament welcomed Charles II, son of Charles I, to return from exile and become king. This event was known as the English Restoration.
Anglo Dutch WarsEdit
The Anglo-Dutch Wars were a series of three wars which took place between the English and the Dutch from 1652 to 1674. English defeats forced Charles II to sign for peace and led to Dutch domination of sea trading routes until 1713.
Glorious Revolution of 1688Edit
- Main article: Glorious Revolution
Historians have long regarded the overthrow of King James II in 1688 as a decisive break in English history, especially as it made Parliament supreme over the King. Pincus argues that this revolution was the first modern revolution; it was violent, popular, and divisive. He rejects older theories to the effect that it was an aristocratic coup or a Dutch invasion. Instead, Pincus argues it was a widely supported and decisive rejection of James II. The people could not tolerate James any longer. He was too close to the French throne; he was too Roman Catholic; they distrusted his absolutist modernisation of the state. What they got instead was the vision of William of Orange, shared by most leading Englishmen, that emphasized consent of all the elites, religious toleration of all Protestant sects, free debate in Parliament and aggressive promotion of commerce. Pincus sees a dramatic transformation that reshaped religion, political economy, foreign policy and even the nature of the English state.