The Tsardom of Russia (also known as Tsardom of Muscovy; officially Русское царство[2][3] (Tsardom of Rus') or, in hellenized form, Российское царство[4][5]) was the name of the centralized Russian state from Ivan IV's assumption of the title of Tsar in 1547 until Peter the Great's foundation of the Russian Empire in 1721.

From 1550 to 1700, Russia grew 35,000 km2 (about the size of the Netherlands) a year.[6] The period includes the upheavals of the transition from the Rurik to the Romanov dynasties, drawn-out military conflict with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as well as the Russian conquest of Siberia, leading up to the 42-year reign of Peter the Great, who ascended in 1682 and transformed the Tsardom into a major European power, after a military victory over Sweden and Poland implemented substantial reforms and proclaimed the Russian Empire (Российская Империя) in 1721, making it a recognized power in Europe.

Tsars of TsardomEdit

1590s to 1670sEdit

Monarch Coat of arms Portrait Birth Marriage Ruled from Ruled until Death
Ivan I no image Example c.1581 none 1590 December 4, 1651 1652

Military Governor of RyazanEdit

Main article: Military Governor of Ryazan
Monarch Coat of arms Portrait Birth Marriage Ruled from Ruled until Death
Yuri II Ryazansky Coat of Arms of Ryazan large Military Governor, Yuri II Ryazansky Feburary 22, 1642 Mika II of Poland 1652 1690 October 4, 1690

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