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Monarchy of Italy
Former Monarchy
120px
Royal Coat of arms
120px
Umberto II
First monarch Victor Emmanuel II
Last monarch Umberto II
Style His Majesty
Official residence Quirinal Palace, Rome
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy started 1861 (italian reunification)
Monarchy ended 1946 (Republican Referendum of 1946)
Current pretender Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples

The Monarchy of Italy (the Italian Monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.

HistoryEdit

The Monarch of Italy was created with the proclamation of King of Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II, as "King of Italy" during the Italian unification, on 17 March 1861 in Turin.

The states unified under the new Kingdom were:

State Date Head
Kingdom of Sardinia 12 February 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies 12 February 1861 King Francis II
Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia 12 October 1866 King Franz Joseph I
Papal States 20 September 1870 Pope Pius IX


List of Italian monarchsEdit

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 VictorEmmanuel2 King Vittorio Emanuele II
(1820–1878)
Re Vittorio Emanuele II
17 March 1861
[1]
9 January 1878 House of Savoy
2 60px King Umberto I
(1844–1900)
Re Umberto I
60px Queen Margherita
(1851–1926)
Regina Margherita
9 January 1878 29 July 1900 House of Savoy
3 60px King Vittorio Emanuele III
(1869–1947)
Re Vittorio Emanuele III
60px Queen Elena
(1873–1952)
Regina Elena
29 July 1900 9 May 1946
(Abdicated)
House of Savoy
4 60px King Umberto II
(1904–1983)
Re Umberto II
60px Queen Marie José
(1906–2001)
Regina Maria José
9 May 1946 18 June 1946
(Deposed)
House of Savoy

Heads of the House of SavoyEdit

Pretender Consort Reign
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 60px King Umberto II
(1904–1983)
Re Umberto II
60px Queen Marie José
(1906–2001)
Regina Maria José
18 June 1946 18 March 1983
2 60px Vittorio Emanuele (IV)
(1937–)
60px Marina
(1935–2001)
18 March 1983

See alsoEdit

Template:Commonscat

ReferencesEdit

  1. King of Sardinia since 23 March 1849

Template:Heads of State of Italy

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