FANDOM


For a list of presidents until present day, see List of heads of state of Hungary. For the semi-independent monarchs of Transylvania in the 16th and 17th centuries, see List of Princes of Transylvania.

This is a List of Hungarian monarchs, which includes the grand princes (895–1000) and the kings and ruling queens of Hungary (1000–1918).

The Principality of Hungary established 895 or 896, following the 9th century Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. The Kingdom of Hungary existed from 1000 (or arguably from 1001; the coronation of Saint Stephen) until 1918 (when Charles IV "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate). The Árpád dynasty, the male-line descendants of Grand Prince Árpád, ruled Hungary continuously from 895 to 1301.

Rulers of the HungariansEdit

The rulers of the first half of the 10th century are often disputed, as the Hungarian nation consisted of several tribes led by various leaders. The most frequently proposed are:

Portrait Name Title Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)

Within Khazar Empire (9th century)Edit

100px Levedi Gyula or kende  ?  ? A Khazar princess  • Prehistoric ruler who recommended Almos and his son Árpád to lead the Magyar tribes

Honfoglálás era (850–907)Edit

100px Álmos Gyula or kende c. 850 c. 895 Unknown  • First ruler
100px Árpád Gyula c. 895 c. 907 Unknown  • Son of Álmos

House of Árpád (907–1000)Edit

100px Zoltán Grand Prince (?) c. 907 c. 950 Menumorut's daughter (?)  • Son of Árpád
100px Fajsz Grand Prince (?) c. 950 c. 955 Unknown  • Grandson of Árpád
100px Taksony Grand Prince (?) c. 955 c. 972 a "Cuman" woman  • Son of Zoltán
100px Géza Grand Prince (?) c. 972 997 Sarolt  • Son of Taksony
100px Stephen Grand Prince (?) 997 25 December 1000 Blessed Gisela of Bavaria  • Son of Géza

Kings of HungaryEdit

House of ÁrpádEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Saint Stephen I 25 December 1000 15 August 1038 Blessed Gisela of Bavaria  • Son of Géza
100px Peter
the Venetian
(1st rule)
15 August 1038 September 1041 (1) Unknown
(2) Judith of Schweinfurt (?)
 • Nephew of Stephen I
100px Samuel September 1041 5 July 1044
Battle of Ménfő
Géza's daughter  • Brother-in-law of Stephen I
100px Peter
the Venetian
(2nd rule)
5 July 1044 September 1046 (1) Unknown
(2) Judith of Schweinfurt (?)
 • Nephew of Stephen I
100px Andrew I
the White
September 1046 December 1060 Anastasia of Kiev  • Great-grandson of Taksony
100px Béla I
the Champion
6 December 1060 11 September 1063 Richeza of Poland  • Great-grandson of Taksony

 • Younger brother of Andrew I

100px Solomon September 1063 14 March 1074 Judith of Swabia  • Son of Andrew I
100px Géza I
Magnus
14 March 1074 25 April 1077 (1) Sophia
(2) Synadene
 • Son of Béla I
100px Saint Ladislaus I 25 April 1077 29 July 1095 (1) Unknown (?)
(2) Adelaide of Rheinfelden
 • Son of Béla I

 • Younger brother of Géza I

100px Coloman
the Learned
1095 3 February 1116 (1) Felicia of Sicily
(2) Eufemia of Kiev
 • Son of Géza I
100px Stephen II 3 February 1116 1 March 1131 Unnamed daughter of Robert I of Capua  • Son of Coloman
100px Béla II
the Blind
28 April 1131 13 February 1141 Helena of Rascia  • Grandson of Géza I

 • Cousin of Stephen II

100px Géza II 16 February 1141 31 May 1162 Euphrosyne of Kiev  • Son of Béla II
100px Stephen III June 1162 4 March 1172 Agnes of Austria  • Son of Géza II
100px Ladislaus II
(Antiking)
June 1162 14 January 1163 Unknown  • Son of Béla II

 • Younger brother of Géza II

100px Stephen IV
(Antiking)
27 January 1163 11 April 1165 Maria Komnene  • Son of Béla II

 • Younger brother of Géza II

100px Béla III March 1172 23 April 1196 (1) Agnes of Antioch
(2) Margaret of France
 • Son of Géza II

 • Younger brother of Stephen III

100px Emeric April 1196 30 November 1204 Constance of Aragon  • Son of Béla III
100px Ladislaus III 30 November 1204 7 May 1205 Unmarried  • Son of Emeric
100px Andrew II
the Jerosolimitan
29 May 1205 21 September 1235 (1) Gertrude of Merania
(2) Yolanda de Courtenay
(3) Beatrice d'Este
 • Son of Béla III

 • Younger brother of Emeric

100px Béla IV
the Second Founder
14 October 1235 3 May 1270 Maria Laskarina  • Son of Andrew II
100px Stephen V May 1270 6 August 1272 Elizabeth the Cuman  • Son of Béla IV
100px Ladislaus IV
the Cuman
3 September 1272 10 July 1290 Elizabeth of Sicily  • Son of Stephen V
100px Andrew III
the Venetian
23 July 1290 14 January 1301 (1) Fenenna of Kuyavia
(2) Agnes of Austria
 • Grandson of Andrew II

Přemyslid dynastyEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Wenceslaus
Ladislaus V
27 August 1301 9 October 1305 Viola of Teschen  • Great-great grandson of Béla IV

House of WittelsbachEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Otto
Béla V
9 October 1305 May 1307 (1) Catherine of Habsburg
(2) Agnes of Glogau
 • Grandson of Béla IV

Capetian House of AnjouEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Charles I 17 November 1308 16 July 1342 (1) Maria of Halych
(2) Maria of Bytom
(3) Beatrice of Luxembourg
(4) Elizabeth of Poland
 • Great-grandson of Stephen V
100px Louis I
the Great
21 July 1342 10 September 1382 (1) Margaret of Bohemia
(2) Elizabeth of Bosnia
 • Son of Charles I
100px Mary
(1st rule)
17 September 1382 31 December 1385 Sigismund of Luxembourg  • Daughter of Louis I
100px Charles II
the Short
31 December 1385 24 February 1386 Margaret of Durazzo  • Great-great grandson of Stephen V
100px Mary
(2nd rule)
(Co-ruler with Sigismund)
24 February 1386 17 May 1395 Sigismund of Luxembourg  • Daughter of Louis I

House of LuxembourgEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Sigismund
(Co-ruler with Mary until 1395)
31 March 1387 9 December 1437 (1) Mary of Hungary
(2) Barbara of Cilli
 • Fourth great-grandson of Béla IV

 • Husband of Mary

House of HabsburgEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Albert
the Magnanimous
18 December 1437 27 October 1439 Elizabeth of Luxembourg  • Seventh great-grandson of Géza II

 • Son-in-law of Sigismund

100px Ladislaus V
the Posthumous
(Contested by Vladislaus I)
15 May 1440 23 November 1457 Unmarried  • Son of Albert
  • 7 May 1445 – 6 June 1446: Seven Captains of the Realm
  • 6 June 1446 – January 1453: Regent John Hunyadi

House of JagiellonEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Vladislaus I
(Contested by Ladislaus V)
17 July 1440 10 November 1444
Battle of Varna
Unmarried  • Fourth great-grandson of Béla IV

House of HunyadiEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Matthias I
the Just
24 January 1458 6 April 1490 (1) Catherine of Poděbrady
(2) Beatrice of Naples
 • No relationship

House of JagiellonEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Vladislaus II 15 July 1490 13 March 1516 (1) Barbara of Brandenburg
(2) Beatrice of Naples
(3) Anne of Foix-Candale
 • Grandson of Albert
100px Louis II 13 March 1516 29 August 1526
Battle of Mohács
Mary of Austria  • Son of Vladislaus II

House of ZápolyaEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px John I
(Contested by Ferdinand I)
11 November 1526 July 1540 Isabella Jagiellon  • Sixth great-grandson of Béla IV
100px John II
(Elected king)
(Contested by Ferdinand I and Maximilian)
13 September 1540 16 August 1570 Unmarried  • Son of John I

House of HabsburgEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Ferdinand I
(Contested by John I and John II)
17 December 1526 25 July 1564 Anne of Bohemia  • Tenth great-grandson of Géza II

 • Brother-in-law of Louis II

100px Maximilian
(Contested by John II until 1570)
26 July 1564 12 October 1576 Maria of Austria  • Son of Ferdinand I
100px Rudolph 12 October 1576 26 June 1608 Unmarried  • Son of Maximilian
100px Matthias II 26 June 1608 20 March 1619 Anna of Tyrol  • Son of Maximilian

 • Younger brother of Rudolph

100px Ferdinand II
(Contested by Gabriel I between 1620 and 1621)
20 March 1619 15 February 1637 (1) Maria Anna of Bavaria
(2) Eleonora Gonzaga
 • Grandson of Ferdinand I

 • Cousin of Rudolph and Matthias II

100px Ferdinand III 15 February 1637 2 April 1657 (1) Maria Anna of Spain
(2) Maria Leopoldine of Austria
(3) Eleonora Gonzaga
 • Son of Ferdinand II
100px Leopold I 2 April 1657 5 May 1705 (1) Margaret Theresa of Spain
(2) Claudia Felicitas of Austria
(3) Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
 • Son of Ferdinand III
100px Joseph I 5 May 1705 9 September 1743 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg  • Son of Leopold I

 • Younger brother of Charles VI

100px Charles III 17 April 1711 20 October 1740 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel  • Son of Leopold I

 • Elder brother of Joseph I

100px Maria Theresa 20 October 1740 29 November 1780 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor  • Daughter of Charles III

 • Pragmatic Sanction of 1723

House of Habsburg-LorraineEdit

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Joseph II 29 November 1780 20 February 1790 (1) Isabella of Parma
(2) Maria Josepha of Bavaria
 • Son of Maria Theresa
100px Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792 Maria Luisa of Spain  • Son of Maria Theresa

 • Younger brother of Joseph II

100px Francis 1 March 1792 2 March 1835 (1) Elisabeth of Württemberg
(2) Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
(3) Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
(4) Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
 • Son of Leopold II
100px Ferdinand V
the Benign
2 March 1835 2 December 1848 Maria Anna of Savoy  • Son of Francis
100px Francis Joseph I 2 December 1848 21 November 1916 Elisabeth of Austria  • Nephew of Ferdinand V
100px Blessed Charles IV 21 November 1916 16 November 1918 Zita of Bourbon-Parma  • Great-nephew of Francis Joseph I

Heads of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine since 1918Edit

Portrait Name Claimant From Claimant Until Marriage(s) Relationship with Predecessor(s)
100px Blessed Charles IV 16 November 1918 1 April 1922 Zita of Bourbon-Parma  • Great-nephew of Francis Joseph I
100px Otto (II) 1 April 1922 4 July 2011 Regina of Saxe-Meiningen  • Son of Charles IV
100px Charles (V) 4 July 2011 Incumbent Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza  • Son of Otto

TimelineEdit

Treaty of TrianonAusgleichTreaty of PassarowitzBattle of MohácsStephen I of HungaryList of Ottoman sultansHabsburg-LorraineList of rulers of TransylvaniaHabsburgSzapolyaiMiklós HorthyHabsburg-LorraineJagiellonHunyadiLuxemburg dynastyAnjouÁrpáds

ReferencesEdit

[1]
[2][3][4][5]

  1. Allan Ellenius, Wim Blockmans, European Science Foundation; The Origins of the Modern State in Europe: 13th to 18th Centuries, Oxford University Press, 1998
  2. Bálint Hóman, Gyula Szekfű, Gyula Szekfu; Magyar történet; Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1938
  3. Štefan Holčík; Korunovačné slávnosti, Bratislava 1563–1830, Tatran, 1986
  4. Jenő Vértesy; Kölcsey Ferencz, Nyomatott a Magyar királyi Egyetemi könyvnyomdában, 1885
  5. Slovenská akadémia vied; Historický časopis, Vydatelʹstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied, 1985

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit

Template:Portal

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.